Fast Package Editing
The Basic Steps
- Start with the script - don't edit until the script is done
- Record the narration track
- Edit the narration in the timeline
- Insert the SOTS in the appropriate places
- Fill the gaps between SOTS with B-roll using the Three-Point Method
- Polish with final audio mix and enhancements
A package is a visual story that consists of sound bites and b-roll, natural sound, reporter’s narration, and perhaps one or two reporter stand-ups. The package is self-contained, playing from start to finish with no studio contribution beyond the anchor introduction and possibly a tag.
Elements of Good Storytelling in a Package:
- The Visual
Fast methods for editing a package
Before you edit, complete the script so that it may be used as a guide. Don't try to edit and script at the same time. It will only slow you down.
your best sound bites, but also listen to the natural sounds. Pick out
short sections of NAT sound, or "NAT pops" that can add to the emotional
landscape of your story.
Organising the Edit
- Start by copying the media into your project folder. All media that is relevant to your project should be contained inside the project folder.
- Make sure the media is
imported from the project folder, NOT from other locations, e.g., CD's,
USB drives, etc. Any media that gets introduced to the project must
first be copied into the project folder.
- In the Project Panel, organise the clips using separate folders, or bins. For instance, one bin may contain interviews, another for B-roll and another for VO.
Recording the Narration
The narration track is recorded as a single clip in the audio booth. DO NOT start and stop to create new clips each time you record a new track. The reporter should slug each take and precede the read with a countdown, “three-two-one”. At the end of reading the take, pause a couple seconds before going on to the next take or next track. The pause will make it easier to locate separate takes and/or tracks (more on this under Cleaning Up the Full Track).
Additionally, the reporter should note the best takes. That way when you edit you’re not spending more time than necessary trying to locate the better take.
Laying Out the Story in the Timeline
The Full Track
the script as a guide, start by laying down the VO (narration) track.
Place the track in audio channel A3 - bad takes and all. This
is called the Full Track. Narration should be separate from any bites or natural sound elements that come with the footage, which will be added later.
NOTE: In some cases, when you intend to layer video, using the V1 and V2 tracks, it might become necessary to move the VO into channels A5 and A6.
Creating a Tight Track
Clean up the narration track using the Razor Blade tool (shortcut key C) to divide the track into the good and bad takes.
Make sure the Snapping tool is activated. Highlight the unwanted material and
press Delete. The track is Tight once all the unwanted (bad
takes) are removed from the narration.
Inserting SOTS and Standup
Insert the SOTS and standups according to the script.
- Place the playhead in the timeline to the precise position where you want to insert the clip.
- Apply IN and OUT points to the SOT.
- Insert the SOT into the timeline using the Insert button, or by pressing the comma (,) on the keyboard. The SOT will insert where the playhead in the timeline is located, shifting the other clips to the right.
to the audio bed, to determine if the
story is coherent and is moving in the direction you want.
Note the series of gaps between the narration track and the bites. These gaps need to be filled with B-roll. This is why the narration track is put on Track A3 so that we can use Tracks A1 & A2 for the B-roll and natural sound.
Adding B-roll - Three-Point Editing
You now have an edited story with narration and sound bites. Now comes the time to add b-roll, which can be accomplished by applying In and Out points to the timeline. These points will isolate the area where you want to insert the shot, applying the shot precisely where you want it go. The method is called three-point editing, where the first two points are applied to the timeline (IN and OUT) and the third point is applied to the source clip (an IN point - you don't need to apply an OUT to the clip.
- Insert the clip by clicking the Overwrite button, or the shortcut key, period (.)
The first shot in the story will need padding to help
prevent the director from punching up “black” or a still frame of the story on
the air. Also, the director “takes” video once it starts rolling to prevent
“up-cutting” the first audio. If the narration or bite begins without any pad,
the first word or two will be clipped on the air.
Continue adding b-roll. If you need to shift a clip forward or backward without changing its duration, use the Slip tool by pressing Y. Slipping is a great way to tweak the content in the Timeline without changing the sequence’s total duration. The slip tool changes the In and Out points of the same clip simultaneously.
Using the Slip tool
1) Highlight the clip you want to shift
2) Press Y to activate the tool
3) Position the pointer on the clip and move it left or right.
NOTE: You must make sure that the clip you are slipping has enough handle frames on either end. Otherwise, you won’t be able to slip father than the frames available.